otrdiena, 2012. gada 20. marts

Andrē Šarls Buls

Andrē Šarls Buls (fr. André-Charles Boulle, 1642 — 1732) - franču mākslinieks, zīmētājs, kokgriezējs, gravieris, zeltītājs, izcilākais sava laika mēbeļnieks, sava īpaša stila radītājs. Pēc izcelsmes flāms, no 1672. gada Luija XIV galma mēbeļnieks. Galvenā meistara stila iezīme ir īpašā inkrustācijas tehnikas nepārspējamā daudzveidība. Savos darbos A.Š.Buls eleganti kombinē dažādu šķirņu kokmateriālus, ieskaitot eksotiskās Indijas un Dienvidamerikas šķirnes ar bruņurupuča bruņām, ziloņkaulu, perlamutru, misiņu, sudrabu, bronzu un citiem materiāliem. Pēc viņa nāves, darbnīcu mantoja viņa četri dēli, kas turpināja darbību no klasiskā baroka līdz pat rokoko. Pašlaik Bula un viņa pēcteču mēbeles var redzēt Luvrā, Versaļā, Fontenblo, Klunī muzejā Parīzē.



Андре - Шарль Буль (фр. André-Charles Boulle, 1642 - 1732) — французский художник, резчик по дереву, гравер, рисовальщик, позолотчик, крупнейший мастер-мебельщик своей эпохи, творец особого стиля художественной мебели. Фламандец по происхождению,  с  1672 придворный мастер Людовика XIV. Особенностью стиля мастера стала искусная инкрустация в технике «маркетри», получившая в его работах невиданное ранее разнообразие. В своих работах Буль изящно сочетал разные сорта дерева, в том числе экзотические индийские и южноамериканские породы, панцирь черепахи, слоновую кость, перламутр, латунь, серебро, бронзу и другие материалы. После его смерти мастерская перешла к четырем его сыновьям, и мебель наследников эволюционировала от классического барокко к рококо. В настоящее время мебель Буля и его наследников хранится в Лувре, Версале, Фонтенбло, в парижском музее Клюни.





Šī kumode ir tādas pašas konstrukcijas un izskata, kā pāris, kuras izgatavoja Buls Luija XIV guļamistabai  Grand Trianon, 1708.gadā. Lai gan šis modelis tika kopēts vairākas reizes astoņpadsmitajā un deviņpadsmitajā gadsimtā, šis eksemplārs šķiet agrīna kopija, veikta paša Bula darbnīcā. 

Walnut veneered with ebony and marquetry of engraved brass and tortoiseshell, gilt-bronze mounts, verd antique marble top
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York


Andrē Šarls Buls (fr. André-Charles Boulle, 1642 — 1732) - franču mākslinieks, zīmētājs, kokgriezējs, gravieris, zeltītājs, izcilākais sava laika mēbeļnieks, sava īpaša stila radītājs.

lock with pedestal (Pendule sur gaine), ca. 1690 Movement by Jacques III Thuret (French, 1669–1738) or more likely his father, Isaac II Thuret; case by André-Charles Boulle
Pulkstenis uz pjedestāla 1690. gads.
Pulksteņa autors Jacques III Thuret (French, 1669–1738) vai i
espējams viņa tēvs Isaac II Thuret (French, 1630–1706) .
Pulksteņa dekoratīvā korpusa autors Andrē Šarls Buls,
pēc Jean Bérain (French, 1640–1711) dizaina.

lock with pedestal (Pendule sur gaine), ca. 1690 Movement by Jacques III Thuret (French, 1669–1738) or more likely his father, Isaac II Thuret (French, 1630–1706); case by André-Charles Boulle (French, 1642–1732) after designs supplied by Jean Berain (French, 1640–1711)
Case: oak, with brass and engraved pewter inlay on a tortoiseshell
ground, and gilt-bronze mounts;
Dial: gilt brass with enamel numerals;
Movement: brass and steel
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Andrē Šarls Buls
Skapis 1710.
 Mitoloģisko vēja dievu maskas, pie to durvju paneļu stūriem, var būt pievienotas vēlāk
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Armoire, ca. 1710  Attributed to André–Charles Boulle Tortoiseshell, engraved brass, and ebony on oak; gilt–bronze
Tortoiseshell, engraved brass, and ebony on oak; gilt–bronze

Andre-Charles Boulle (French, 1642-1732) or circle: Mazarin desk, c. 1690-1700, exhibited in the Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.
Mazarin desk, c. 1690-1700, exhibited in the Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.
Bureau plat inlaid with brass and tortoiseshell, with characteristic gilt-bronze mounts (Musée Condé, Chantilly)
Bureau plat inlaid with brass and tortoiseshell, with characteristic gilt-bronze mounts
Musée Condé, Chantilly

Rakstāmgalds 1715.
Izgatavots priekš Louis Henri de Bourbon, Prince of Condé, for the Chantilly's Castle

Cabinet, c. 1690, ebony, metal and tortoise shell, André-Charles Boulle, Cleveland Museum of Art
Kabinets 1690
Cabinet, c. 1690, ebony, metal and tortoise shell, André-Charles Boulle,
Cleveland Museum of Art

Kabinets 1675. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Netherlands 

 Two Coffers on Stands, Attributed to André-Charles Boulle, about 1684 - 1689, Oak, cypress, and walnut veneered with tortoise shell, blue-painted horn, ebony, padouk, rosewood, pewter, and brass; gilt-bronze mounts; mirror glass
Two Coffers on Stands, Attributed to André-Charles Boulle, about 1684 - 1689, Oak, cypress, and walnut veneered with tortoise shell, blue-painted horn, ebony, padouk, rosewood, pewter, and brass; gilt-bronze mounts; mirror glass
J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles
Skapis ar pulksteni 1715.
Wallace Collection, London, United Kingdom
Galds 1685. Pārdots Christie's izsolē par $ 5,726,000


Two toilet caskets, André-Charles Boulle, c. 1685 - c. 1690.
Rijksmuseum iegādājās Christie's izsolē par $ 4,211,155 



André-Charles Boulle, circa 1705, Oak carcase; sycamore, holly, fruitwood, purple heart and other wood veneer; marble top; gilt bronze mounts.
Circa 1705,
Oak carcase; sycamore, holly, fruitwood, purple heart and other wood veneer; marble top; gilt bronze mounts.
The Wallace Collection


Cabinet on stand attributed to Andre-Charles Boulle, c.1700.   Boughton House,  collection of the Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry.
Cabinet on stand attributed to Andre-Charles Boulle, c.1700.   Boughton House,  collection of the Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry.




Table, Attributed to André-Charles Boulle, about 1680, Oak veneered with ebony, tortoise shell, horn, pewter, brass, ivory, and various wood; gilt bronze mounts
Table, Attributed to André-Charles Boulle, about 1680, Oak veneered with ebony, tortoise shell, horn, pewter, brass, ivory, and various wood; gilt bronze mounts
J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles


Table, Attributed to André-Charles Boulle, about 1680, Oak veneered with marquetry tortoise shell, pewter, brass, ebony, horn, ivory, boxwood, cherry, natural and stained sycamore, pear, thuya, satinwood, cedar, beech and amaranth; gilt-bronze mounts
Table, Attributed to André-Charles Boulle, about 1680, Oak veneered with marquetry tortoise shell, pewter, brass, ebony, horn, ivory, boxwood, cherry, natural and stained sycamore, pear, thuya, satinwood, cedar, beech and amaranth; gilt-bronze mounts
J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles

Table, Attributed to André-Charles Boulle, about 1680, Oak veneered with marquetry tortoise shell, pewter, brass, ebony, horn, ivory, boxwood, cherry, natural and stained sycamore, pear, thuya, satinwood, cedar, beech and amaranth; gilt-bronze mounts

Table, Attributed to André-Charles Boulle, about 1680, Oak veneered with marquetry tortoise shell, pewter, brass, ebony, horn, ivory, boxwood, cherry, natural and stained sycamore, pear, thuya, satinwood, cedar, beech and amaranth; gilt-bronze mounts


André-Charles Boulle armoire
The Wrotham Cabinet - A Louis XIV cabinet-on-stand, circa 1680
Christie’s

Andrē Šarls Buls
Cabinet on Stand, Attributed to André-Charles Boulle and medallions after Jean Varin (French, 1596 - 1672), about 1675 - 1680, Oak veneered with pewter, brass, tortoise shell, horn, ebony, ivory, and wood marquetry; bronze mounts; figures of painted and gilded oak; with drawers of snakewood
J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles

Cabinet on Stand, Attributed to André-Charles Boulle and medallions after Jean Varin (French, 1596 - 1672), about 1675 - 1680, Oak veneered with pewter, brass, tortoise shell, horn, ebony, ivory, and wood marquetry; bronze mounts; figures of painted and gilded oak; with drawers of snakewood




Coffer on Stand
The Lewis Walpole Library, Yale University, Farmington, Connecticut, USA

Pair of Pedestals, attributed to André-Charles Boulle, about 1700, Fir, oak and walnut veneered with ebony, dyed fruit wood (probably pear) brass and tortoise shell; gilt bronze mounts
Pair of Pedestals, attributed to André-Charles Boulle, about 1700, Fir, oak and walnut veneered with ebony, dyed fruit wood (probably pear) brass and tortoise shell; gilt bronze mounts
J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles
Cabinet (Cabinet des Médailles), André-Charles Boulle, about 1710 - 1715, Oak and fir veneered with ebony, amaranth, kingwood, brass, and tortoise shell, gilt-bronze mounts; sarrancolin des Pyrénées marble top
Cabinet (Cabinet des Médailles), André-Charles Boulle, about 1710 - 1715, Oak and fir veneered with ebony, amaranth, kingwood, brass, and tortoise shell, gilt-bronze mounts; sarrancolin des Pyrénées marble top
J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles
Casket, André Charles Boulle (1642-1732) et ses fils, Médaillier de Jules-Robert de Cotte, Vers 1723, Marqueterie première partie de laiton sur fond. d’écaille de tortue. Placage d’amarante, d’ébène, de bois de violette. Bronze doré. Bâti de chêne et de sapin. Dessus de marbre d’Antin Saint-Pétersbourg, musée d’État de l’Ermitage
Casket, André Charles Boulle (1642-1732) et ses fils, Médaillier de Jules-Robert de Cotte, Vers 1723, Marqueterie première partie de laiton sur fond. d’écaille de tortue. Placage d’amarante, d’ébène, de bois de violette. Bronze doré. Bâti de chêne et de sapin. Dessus de marbre d’Antin. Saint-Pétersbourg, musée d’État de l’Ermitage

Casket, André Charles Boulle (1642-1732) et ses fils, Médaillier de Jules-Robert de Cotte, Vers 1723, Marqueterie première partie de laiton sur fond. d’écaille de tortue. Placage d’amarante, d’ébène, de bois de violette. Bronze doré. Bâti de chêne et de sapin. Dessus de marbre d’Antin Saint-Pétersbourg, musée d’État de l’Ermitage

Casket, André Charles Boulle (1642-1732) et ses fils, Médaillier de Jules-Robert de Cotte, Vers 1723, Marqueterie première partie de laiton sur fond. d’écaille de tortue. Placage d’amarante, d’ébène, de bois de violette. Bronze doré. Bâti de chêne et de sapin. Dessus de marbre d’Antin Saint-Pétersbourg, musée d’État de l’Ermitage

Casket, early 18th century, attributed to Andre-Charles Boulle, oak carcass veneered with tortoiseshell, gilt copper, pewter, ebony - Art Institute of Chicago
Casket, early 18th century, attributed to Andre-Charles Boulle,
oak carcass veneered with tortoiseshell, gilt copper, pewter, ebony
 Art Institute of Chicago

Casket, early 18th century, attributed to Andre-Charles Boulle, oak carcass veneered with tortoiseshell, gilt copper, pewter, ebony - Art Institute of Chicago


Commode, Attributed to the Workshop of André-Charles Boulle and restored in the 1740s by Charles-Michel Cochois (French, died 1764, master 1734),about 1710 - 1715, Oak and fir veneered with cururu and bloodwood; gilt-bronze mounts; "brocatelle violette du Jura" marble top
Commode, Attributed to the Workshop of André-Charles Boulle and restored in the 1740s by Charles-Michel Cochois (French, died 1764, master 1734),about 1710 - 1715, Oak and fir veneered with cururu and bloodwood; gilt-bronze mounts; "brocatelle violette du Jura" marble top
J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles


Long-Case Clock (régulateur); Case attributed to André-Charles Boulle, and movement signed by Antoine Gaudron (French, master 1675, juré 1699, died about 1707); Paris, France; about 1680 - 1690; Oak, veneered with tortoise shell, pewter, brass and ebony, with mouldings of ebonized wood and gilt bronze mounts
Long-Case Clock (régulateur); Case attributed to André-Charles Boulle, and movement signed by Antoine Gaudron (French, master 1675, juré 1699, died about 1707); Paris, France; about 1680 - 1690; Oak, veneered with tortoise shell, pewter, brass and ebony, with mouldings of ebonized wood and gilt bronze mounts
J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles
Mantel Clock (Pendule), Movement maker Paul Gudin (French, active about 1729 - 1755), Case attributed to André-Charles Boulle, about 1715 - 1725, Oak veneered with tortoise shell, blue-painted horn, brass, and ebony; enameled metal; gilt bronze mounts
Mantel Clock (Pendule), Movement maker Paul Gudin (French, active about 1729 - 1755), Case attributed to André-Charles Boulle, about 1715 - 1725, Oak veneered with tortoise shell, blue-painted horn, brass, and ebony; enameled metal; gilt bronze mounts
J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles
Pair of Gueridons, Attributed to André-Charles Boulle, about 1680, Oak veneered with ebony, tortoise shell, blue painted horn, brass, and pewter, and set with gilt bronze mounts
Pair of Gueridons, Attributed to André-Charles Boulle, about 1680,
Oak veneered with ebony, tortoise shell, blue painted horn, brass,
and pewter, and set with gilt bronze mounts
J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles

Pair of Gueridons, Attributed to André-Charles Boulle, about 1680,  Oak veneered with ebony, tortoise shell, blue painted horn, brass,  and pewter, and set with gilt bronze mounts
Pair of Gueridons, top
Box, Attributed to André-Charles Boulle and perhaps Gobelins Manufactory (French, founded 1662 - present), about 1675 - 1680, White oak veneered with amaranth, barberry, bloodwood, natural and stained boxwood, cedar, cherry, holly, green-stained hornbeam, mahogany, padouk, natural and stained maple, walnut, yew, and an unidentified wood; horn and pewter; fittings of steel
Box, Attributed to André-Charles Boulle and perhaps Gobelins Manufactory (French, founded 1662 - present), about 1675 - 1680, White oak veneered with amaranth, barberry, bloodwood, natural and stained boxwood, cedar, cherry, holly, green-stained hornbeam, mahogany, padouk, natural and stained maple, walnut, yew, and an unidentified wood; horn and pewter; fittings of steel
J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles
André Charles Boulle (1642-1732) Médaillier de Max Emanuel de Bavière Vers 1694-1695 Marqueterie de bois de rapport, ébène, amarante, érable, noyer, frêne, acajou, palissandre, padouk, étain, laiton et écaille de tortue. Bronze ciselé et doré Haut. 76 cm, Larg. 102,5 cm, Prof. 52,5 cm Munich, Staatliche Münzsammlung pour l'exposition André Charles Boulle (1642-1732) : Un nouveau style pour l’Europe, 30 octobre 2009-31 janvier 2010, Museum für Angewandte Kunst Frankfurt
André Charles Boulle,  Médaillier de Max Emanuel de Bavière Vers 1694-1695 Marqueterie de bois de rapport, ébène, amarante, érable, noyer, frêne, acajou, palissandre, padouk, étain, laiton et écaille de tortue. Bronze ciselé et doré Haut. Museum für Angewandte Kunst Frankfurt
Armoire, Attributed to André-Charles BOULLE, Ebony and kingwood veneer; marquetry of polychrome wood, brass, pewter, tortoiseshell and horn; gilded bronze
Armoire, Attributed to André-Charles BOULLE, Ebony and kingwood veneer; marquetry of polychrome wood, brass, pewter, tortoiseshell and horn; gilded bronze
Musée du Louvre, Paris
Print, Date: 1707, André-Charles Boulle,(Designer) Mariette, Jean, born 1660 - died 1742 (Publisher)
Print, Date: 1707, André-Charles Boulle,(Designer) Mariette, Jean, born 1660 - died 1742 (Publisher)