otrdiena, 2013. gada 15. janvāris

Marsels Breiers

Marsels Breiers (ang. Marcel Lajos Breuer, ung. Breuer Lajos Marcell, 1902, Pécs, Ungārija —1981, Ņujorka) ungāru izcelsmes arhitekts un dizaineris. Dzimis Ungārijā ebreju ģimenē. Jaunībā pārceļas dzīvot uz Veimāru, iestājas „Bauhaus”, kur vēlāk paliek strādāt arī par pedagogu. Divdesmitajos gados pārsvarā aizraujas ar mēbeļu dizainu. Viņš bija viens no pirmajiem, kurš dzīvojamām telpām sāka izstrādāt mēbeles, kuru karkasu veido liektas metāla caurules. Pazīstamākais Breuera darbs – krēsls „Vasilijs”(1925) (Wassily Chair) veltīts māksliniekam Vasilijam Kandinskim (Василий Кандинский).





Марсель Лайош Бройер (англ. Marcel Lajos Breuer, венг. Breuer Lajos Marcell; 21 мая 1902, Печ — 1 июля 1981, Нью-Йорк) — американский архитектор и дизайнер. Родился в Венгрии, в еврейской семье. В юности переехал в Веймар и поступил в «Баухаус», где остался преподавать. В 1920-е Бройер преимущественно занимался дизайном мебели, именно тогда им был создан знаменитый стул «Василий» (1925), посвящённый художнику Василию Кандинскому. «Василий» был изготовлен из холста и стальных трубок, использование которых было подсказано автору рулём велосипеда.

The Wassily Chair, also known as the Model B3 chair, was designed by Marcel Breuer in 1925-1926
The Wassily Chair,
also known as the Model B3 chair, was designed by Marcel Breuer in 1925-1926

Marsels Breiers – krēsls „Vasilijs”(1925) (Wassily Chair)

Марсель Лайош Бройер стул «Василий»

Marcel Breuer, armchair, 1922/4. V&A, museum
Marcel Breuer, armchair, 1922/4.
V&A, museum 
Marcel Breuer slatted chair from 1922
Marcel Breuer slatted chair from 1922
African Chair"   1921
African Chair"   1921


Chair by Marcel Breuer in collaboration with Gunta Stölzl Pear, polished black  Seat and back of plaited woolen straps 1921
Chair by Marcel Breuer in collaboration with Gunta Stölzl
Pear, polished black  Seat and back of plaited woolen straps 1921
Isokon Long Chair is a chair designed by Marcel Breuer for the Isokon company in 1935-36
Isokon Long Chair is a chair designed by Marcel Breuer for the Isokon company in 1935-36
Laccio Tables 1924
Laccio Tables 1924

Marcel Breuer Chair with armrests Cesca S32 1928
Marcel Breuer Chair with armrests Cesca S32 1928

Chair Cesca S32 by Marcel Breuer, 1928
Chair Cesca S32 by Marcel Breuer, 1928


Thonet S 285 by Marcel Breuer, 1935
Thonet S 285 by Marcel Breuer, 1935

B 9b 1925 / 1926
B 9  1925 / 1926
Coffee Table. Marcel Breuer. Isokon Furniture Co., 1936. birch plywood.
Coffee Table. Marcel Breuer.
Isokon Furniture Co., 1936. birch plywood.
Moulded plywood furniture by Marcel Breuer for Isokon, London (1936)
Moulded plywood furniture by Marcel Breuer for Isokon, London (1936)



design lounge chair by Marcel Breuer (bauhaus) F 41
Design lounge chair on wheels by Marcel Breuer  F 41, 1928 /30

Isokon Chaise,  Bookcase designed by Marcel Breuer, ca. 1931.
Isokon Chaise,  Bookcase designed by Marcel Breuer, ca. 1931.
Chair, model no. 301
Chair, model no. 301

B-35 lounge chair 1928 / 29
B-35 lounge chair 1928 / 29

Aluminium chair, Chaise Longue No. 313, 1933., Vitra Design Museum, Weil am Rhein
Aluminium chair, Chaise Longue No. 313, 1933.,
Vitra Design Museum, Weil am Rhein
Breuer Cantilever sofa (F40) was designed in 1931
Breuer Cantilever sofa (F40) was designed in 1931

Desk, Breuer Marcel Lajos, Isokon Furniture Company, Victoria & Albert Museum
Desk, Breuer Marcel Lajos,
Isokon Furniture Company, 1935-1936
 Victoria & Albert Museum, London 
Armchair, Breuer, Marcel Lajos, 1936
Armchair, Breuer, Marcel Lajos, 1936 ,
Victoria & Albert Museum, London 

Model B5, 1926-1927,
Victoria & Albert Museum, London
Breuer Tea Trolley  Designed 1929
Breuer Tea Trolley  Designed 1929